Deconstruction

This topic contains 7 replies, has 8 voices, and was last updated by Profile photo of Ahliyah Anonymous 1 year, 3 months ago.

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  • #3020
    Profile photo of Asad Malik
    Asad Malik
    Keymaster

    Deconstruct one of the weapons of white supremacy with right knowledge!

  • #3024
    Profile photo of Jason Steele
    Anonymous

    Why do Africans living in America commit so much murder?

    Hypothesis: Murder by Africans in America is a poverty issue. As you can see below other poverty stricken cities with other races deal with violent crime as well.

    -Unemployment rates are 9.5% nationally for Africans in America (as of December of 2015) which is more than twice that of whites, as it has been for most of the past 40 years. Source: Wall Street Journal

    -The Median income for for Africans in America was $34,598 in 2013, which is roughly 59% that of whites.

    -Median income in Jackson, MS for Africans living in America (Family) is $36,00

    -Violent crimes per 1000 residents in Jackson, MS (9.71) *Total Population 350,000

    -Jackson, MS 80% Africans living in America

    -Median income in Stockton, CA for (Family) is $40,500

    -Violent crimes per 1000 residents in Stockton, CA (13.50) *Total Population 302,000

    -Stockton, CA 35% White, 40% Hispanic, 18% Native American, 12% Africans living in America

  • #3026
    Profile photo of Sherreka Burton
    Anonymous

    Question: Why is the wealth gap between black people and white people so wide? Black people are incapable of closing the wealth gap due to their inability to keep money and develop wealth-building strategies (e.g., real estate investment).

    Background Research:

    • From the 1930s through the 1960s, black people across the country were largely cut out of the legitimate home-mortgage market. The strategies to keep black people from building wealth through real estate, included red-lining (the denial of mortgages in certain areas known for appreciation), fraudulent contracts (“on contract” mortgages which gave no benefits of homeownership or renting), and intimidation (being harassed by white people to move out of certain neighborhoods). Most of these practices were enforced or overlooked by the Government; thus, black people had no protection under the law.
    • Predatory lending is not just a practice of the yesteryears: in 2011, Bank of America agreed to pay $355 million to settle charges of discrimination against its Countrywide unit. The following year, Wells Fargo settled its discrimination suit for more than $175 million.
    • In 2009, half the properties in Baltimore whose owners had been granted loans by Wells Fargo between 2005 and 2008 were vacant; 71 percent of these properties were in predominantly black neighborhoods.
    • The black unemployment rate has been twice as high as the white unemployment rate for the past 50 years, and the income gap hasn’t narrowed during this time either. Most black people also pay more in interest for their homes than their white counterparts, thus, lowering their discretionary income.
    • The five largest white landowners in America together own more rural land than all of black America combined.

    Sources: http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2014/06/the-case-for-reparations/361631/

    https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2015/05/28/evidence-that-banks-still-deny-black-borrowers-just-as-they-did-50-years-ago/

    https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2013/08/28/these-seven-charts-show-the-black-white-economic-gap-hasnt-budged-in-50-years/

    http://www.huffingtonpost.com/antonio-moore/ted-turner-owns-nearly-14_b_8395448.html

    Hypothesis: It is not that black people are intrinsically incapable of building wealth, there have just been white supremacy practices, i.e., fraud and exploitation, which prohibit them from doing so.

    If black people were not swindled out of their homes and hard-earned incomes, then the wealth gap would not be as staggeringly wide as it continues to be today.

  • #3029
    Profile photo of Constance Taylor (Renee)
    Anonymous

    Eugenics

    Could it be true that abortion has become the #1 cause of death in our community since its legalization?

    Research: Maafa21 video, Dr Ben Carson, CDC, Dr Alveda King and Dr Freda Bush

    Observation:  *Legalized in 1973

    *Largest chain of abortion referrals come from planned parenthood

    *Black women make up 12% population

    *Black women have 37% of the abortions in the US

    *Planned parenthood clinics located majorly in the urban communities, population control

    * You are 5x’s more likely to be aborted if you are in the womb of a black woman

    *Leading cause of death heart disease, cancer, diabetes, accident, strokes, homicide, and respiratory disease

    *Abortion not listed or counted because a fetus is not considered a life, therefore, no listed death

    *2005- 203,991 babies aborted in 36 states that report, not including private abortions

    *2005-198,385 blacks died nationwide

    *2005-820,151 abortions all together

    *2005- 35.5% of all abortions are performed on black women

    *In some states (New York), more babies are being aborted, than are actually being born yearly.

    *Fetuses are used to advance medical science

    *African-American birth rate has declined 1991-2011

    *13,065 of the 26,321 abortions in 2014 occurred in Michigan

    *870-1,000 babies are aborted daily

    *Since 1973 13 MILLION African American Babies were aborted (reported)

    Hypothesis:   Direct quote from Dr Alveda King, “Abortion has done what the KKK dreamed of”

    Abortion has become the main self-propelling, silent killer of our community, that continues to encourage and popularized the procedure as a quick fix. Once you look deeper at the stats, you will see its a part of the population control agenda, ie Eugenics

     
    <p class=”p1″>http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/ben-carson-abortion_us_55cdf1afe4b07addcb42a449</p>
    <p class=”p1″>http://cnsnews.com/news/article/abortion-kills-more-black-americans-seven-leading-causes-death-combined-says-cdc-data</p>
    <p class=”p1″>http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/ben-carson-abortion_us_55cdf1afe4b07addcb42a449</p>
    <p class=”p1″>http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/ss6311a1.htm</p>
    <p class=”p1″>http://www.lifenews.com/2015/06/25/abortion-has-killed-more-black-americans-than-crime-accidents-cancer-or-aids/</p>
    <p class=”p3″>Maafa21</p>
    <p class=”p1″>https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HshhtiNm2Kc</p>

  • #3032
    Profile photo of J. A. Haley
    Anonymous

    Topic: Miscegenation

    Statement of Problem: In the 21<sup>st</sup> century White supremacy continues to try and undermine Black reproduction and relationships through the annihilation of Black male masculinity through the promotion of homosexuality in mainstream media, removing Black males from general society through the prison and military industrial complex, showcasing negative portrayals of Black males in media and the outright assassination of the Black male.

    All this is being done while promoting what social and mainstream media has dubbed as “swirling”, a pop-culture term for interracial relationships. It is widely accepted that Black women are the least likely to get married, let alone marry a “suitable” Black man. There are YouTube channels, forums, books and television shows devoted to discussing, encouraging and validating Black women dating and marrying outside of their race.

    Black women in the mainstream media are usually paired with White men. This pairing in has helped build a dialogue rooted in the notion that Black men desire Black women the least overall. As a result, Black women are encouraged to seek eligible partners outside of their race, especially if they would like to get married.

    Hypothesis: Mainstream media heavily promotes miscegenation as an acceptable and appealing alternative. This is done while upholding the narrative that Black men and women find each other undesirable and that they do not marry each other. This is done while also upholding that White men and women are the more acceptable and desired partners that should be sought out by people of African descent.

    Literature, Data, and Lectures on the Topic of Miscegenation: Sweeping statements continue to be made about Black relationships and marriage, despite data released by the United States Census Bureau. BlackDemographics.com provides a break down of Black marriage trends overtime-utilizing data the U.S. Census Bureau. (See: http://blackdemographics.com/households/marriage-in-Black-america/ ).

    • In 20108% of Black men were “never married” compared to 45.2% of Black women which is up from 44% in 2008 and 42.7% in 2005.
    • While Black men marry White women at twice the rate of Black women, only 7% of married Black men had White (non-Hispanic) spouses in 2014.
    • About 14% percent of African American men married non-Black or Hispanic women in 2014.
    • Black women were the least likely to marry non-Black or Hispanic men at only 6% in 2014, and only 4/% were married to White men.
    • In 2014, among the population of non-Hispanic African Americans ages 15 and up, 86% of Black men married Black women.
    • In 2014, among the population of non-Hispanic African Americans ages 15 and up, 94% of Black women married Black men.

    Debunking Black Marriage Myths: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=141267758

    Four Myths About Black Marriage: http://racerelations.about.com/od/diversitymatters/a/Four-Myths-About-Black-Marriage.htm

    6 Persistent Myths About Black Love Debunked: http://atlantaBlackstar.com/2013/08/16/6-persistant-myths-about-Black-love-debunked/

    Dr. Frances Cress Welsing – Lecture on Black Male/Female Relationships: <span style=”font-size: 100%;”>https://www.youtube.co/watch?v=4fyCnSE0G04</span&gt;

    Welsing, Frances Cress. The Isis (Yssis) Papers. Chicago: Third World, 1991. Print.

    Conclusion: The data indicates that Black men and women marry each other at high rates. Black women are more likely than Black men to marry inside of their own race. Nevertheless, the narrative that Black men marry White women at high rates is a false narrative that continues to be perpetuated throughout mainstream informational resources and media. The false narrative that Black women marry White men at high rates is also consistently stated.

    Discussion: Data is consistently misrepresented or under reported to support the false narrative of interracial dating among Black women and men. Throughout this project it was difficult to find articles and information that actually reported the statistical data that confirms Blacks tend to marry within their own race. These false narratives are perpetuated in an attempt to prevent the Black family unit from forming and developing. These miscegenation initiatives are carried out to ensure White genetic survival as discussed by Dr. Frances Cress Welsing, author of the Isis Papers. It can be argued that Black cohesiveness – whether it be in the form of love, family, community and relationships is the greatest threat to White supremacy.

  • #3034
    Profile photo of Adrienne Moore
    Anonymous

    How to Deconstruct Miseducation:  Infection-Exposure to Disease among Black communities

    (1.)  Observation-Are black communities more likely exposed to disease than that of white communities?

     

    (2.)Research- From CDC, WebMD, and Mental Health of America:
    Finding Solutions to Health Disparities
    At A Glance 2015
    Every person deserves the chance to be healthy, but in the United States, some racial and ethnic groups have worse health than others. These health disparities do not have a single cause but many complex and connected causes, including Social determinants, such as poverty, lack of education, racism, and discrimination.

    Environment and community conditions, such as lack of resources that support physical activity or healthy eating options.

    “>Health care access, such as less availability and lower quality of medical services.</span>

    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is at the forefront of the nation’s efforts to prevent chronic disease and break down the barriers to good health. For 15 years, CDC’s Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH) program has partnered with local organizations to improve health disparities that affect racial and ethnic groups.

    Through REACH, funded organizations use community-driven, evidence-based, culturally tailored interventions for a broad range of health conditions. From 2009 to 2012, successful outcomes of communities were Smoking prevalence decreased 7.5% (or an average of 2.5% per year) among non-Hispanic blacks and 4.5% among Hispanics.

    In REACH communities that focused on heart disease or diabetes, the percentage of adults who reported eating five or more fruits and vegetables daily increased 3.9% among non-Hispanic blacks and 9.3% among Hispanics.

    The percentage of adults aged 65 or older who had a flu shot in the past year increased 11.1%.

    Public Health Problem
    Heart disease, cancer, diabetes, and stroke are among the most common causes of illness, disability, and death in the United States. These chronic conditions—and the factors that lead to them—can be more common or severe for minority groups (specifically, non-Hispanic blacks, Hispanics, American Indians, Alaska Natives, Asians, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders). For example,

        Non-Hispanic blacks are 40% more likely to have high blood pressure than are non-Hispanic whites, and they are less likely to manage this condition.</span>

      The rate of diagnosed diabetes is 77% higher among non-Hispanic blacks, 66% higher among Hispanics, and 18% higher among Asians than among non-Hispanic whites.</span>

      American Indians and Alaska Natives are 60% more likely to be obese than non-Hispanic whites.</span>

      Life expectancy for non-Hispanic blacks is 75.1 years, compared to 78.9 years for non-Hispanic whites.

       

      “>Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH): At A Glance 2015  </span><span style=”font-weight: 400;”>[PDF – 700 KB]</span>

       

          Chronic diseases and the factors that lead to them can be more common or severe for racial and ethnic minority groups than for non-Hispanic whites.

        These health disparities are caused by complex factors, including differences in income, education, community conditions, and access to health care.</span>

        The Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Health (REACH) program works to end disparities by partnering with the most affected communities to create environments that make healthy choices easier.

        REACH efforts in minority communities have led to less exposure to secondhand smoke, more access to fresh produce, and fewer emergency room visits for asthma.</span>

        Racial and ethnic minority populations often receive poorer quality of care and face more barriers in seeking care, including preventive care and chronic disease management, than do non-Hispanic whites. These disparities can lead to poor health outcomes and higher healthcare costs.</span>
        Why 7 Deadly Diseases Strike Blacks Most
        Health care disparities heighten disease differences between African-Americans and white Americans.</span>

        By </span><span style=”font-weight: 400;”>Daniel J. DeNoon</span>

        WebMD Feature</span>

        WebMD Feature Archive

        Several deadly diseases strike black Americans harder and more often than they do white Americans.</span>

        Fighting back means genetic research. It means changing the system for testing new drugs. It means improving health education. It means overcoming disparities in. It means investments targeted to the health of black Americans. And the evidence so far indicates that these investments will pay health dividends not just for racial minorities, but for everyone.

        Yet we’re closer to the beginning of the fight than to the end. Some numbers:

        <span style=”font-weight: 400;”>Diabetes</span>

        is 60% more common in black Americans than in white Americans. Blacks are up to 2.5 times more likely to suffer a limb</span>

        <span style=”font-weight: 400;”>amputation</span>

         

        <span style=”font-weight: 400;”>kidney disease</span>

            <span style=”font-weight: 400;”>than other people with </span>

          <span style=”font-weight: 400;”>diabetes</span>

           

          African-Americans are three times more likely to die of than white Americans.

          Deaths from — are 16 times more common among blacks than among whites. The disease recently killed former NFL star Reggie White at age 43.Despite lower exposure, black men are 50% more likely than white men to get lung cancer</span>

          Strokes kill 4 times more 35- to 54-year-old black Americans than white Americans. Blacks have nearly twice the first-time  risk of whites.Blacks develop earlier in life — and with much higher blood pressuret-levels — than whites. Nearly 42% of black men and more than 45% of black women aged 20 and older have high blood pressure is equally successful for all races. Yet black men have a 40% higher death rate than white men. African-American women have a 20% higher </span><span style=”font-weight: 400;”>cancer</span>death rate than white women.

          African American Communities and Mental Health
          <span style=”font-weight: 400;”>Mental Health America works nationally and locally to raise awareness about mental health.  We believe that everyone at risk for mental illnesses and related disorders should receive early and effective interventions. Historically, communities of color experience unique and considerable challenges in accessing mental health services.

          Demographics/Societal Issues

              13.2% of the U.S. population, or roughly 42 million people, identify themselves as African American, according to 2013 US Census Bureau numbers. (1)  Another 1 percent identified as multiracial.  This represents an increase from 12 percent of the U.S. population, or roughly 34 million people, who identified themselves as African American in the 2000 Census. (2) In 2007, roughly 3 million of all blacks in the U.S. were foreign born.

            As of 2010, Fifty-five percent of all blacks lived in the South, 18 percent lived in the Midwest, 17 percent in the Northeast, and 10 percent in the West.

            Historical adversity, which includes slavery, sharecropping and race-based exclusion from health, educational, social and economic resources, translates into socioeconomic disparities experienced by African Americans today. Socioeconomic status, in turn, is linked to mental health: People who are impoverished, homeless, incarcerated or have substance abuse problems are at higher risk for poor mental health.

            Notwithstanding the 2008 election of our first African American President, racism continues to have an impact on the mental health of African Americans. Negative stereotypes and attitudes of rejection have decreased, but continue to occur with measurable, adverse consequences. Historical and contemporary instances of negative treatment have led to a mistrust of authorities, many of whom are not seen as having the best interests of African Americans in mind. According to the US HHS Office of Minority Health: (5)

                Adult blacks are 20 percent more likely to report serious psychological distress than adult whites.

              Adult blacks living below poverty are two to three times more likely to report serious psychological distress than those living above poverty.

              Adult blacks are more likely to have feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and worthlessness than are adult whites.

              And while blacks are less likely than whites to die from suicide as teenagers, black teenagers are more likely to attempt suicide than are white teenagers (8.2 percent v. 6.3 percent)

              African Americans of all ages are more likely to be victims of serious violent crime than are non-Hispanic whites, making them more likely to meet the diagnostic criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

              Historically, attitudinal barriers have led to roadblocks to accessing services and treatment.  In 1996, MHA commissioned a national survey on clinical depression. The survey explored the barriers preventing Americans seeking treatment and gauged overall knowledge of and attitudes toward depression. This survey revealed that:

                  63 percent of African Americans believe that depression is a personal weakness, this is significantly higher than the overall survey average of 54 percent.</span>

                Only 31 percent of African Americans believed that depression was a “health problem.”African Americans were more likely to believe that depression was “normal” than the overall survey average.

                    ​56 percent believed that depression was a normal part of aging 45 percent believed it was normal for a mother to feel depressed for at least two weeks after giving birth 40 percent believed it was normal for a husband or wife to feel depressed for more than a year after the death of a spouse. ​Barriers to the treatment of depression cited by African Americans included:
                    ​Denial (40 percent)

                  Embarrassment/shame (38 percent)

                  Don’t want/refuse help (31 percent)

                  Lack money/insurance (29 percent)

                  Fear (17 percent)

                  Lack knowledge of treatment/problem (17 percent)

                  >Hopeless (12 percent)

                  ​African Americans were less likely to take an antidepressant for treatment of depression; only 34 percent would take one if it were prescribed by a doctor.

                  ​Many of these problems persist to this day. As Doctor William Lawson of Howard University (and MHA’s District of Columbia affiliate) pointed out in an NPR interview in 2012, “Many African-Americans have a lot of negative feelings about, or not even aware of mental health services. They may not be aware of the symptoms of many mental disorders, or they may believe that to be mentally ill is a sign of weakness or a sign of a character fault.” Treatment Issues
                  The following statistics were taken from the “Mental Health: Culture, Race and Ethnicity Supplement” to the 1999 U.S. Surgeon General’s Report on Mental Health

                      African-American physicians are five times more likely than white physicians to treat African-American patients. African-American patients who see African-American physicians rate their physicians’ styles of interaction as more participatory. African Americans seeking help for a mental health problem would have trouble finding African American mental health professionals: In 1998, only 2 percent of psychiatrists, 2 percent of psychologists and 4 percent of social workers said they were African Americans.</span>

                    The public mental health safety net of hospitals, community health centers, and local health departments are vital to many African Americans, especially to those in high-need populations.

                    African Americans of all ages are underrepresented in outpatient treatment but over-represented in inpatient treatment. Few African-American children receive treatment in privately funded psychiatric hospitals, but many receive treatment in publicly funded residential treatment centers for emotionally disturbed youth.

                    <span style=”font-weight: 400;”>But African Americans today are overrepresented in our jails and prisons.  People of color account for 60 percent of the prison population. Blacks also account for 14 percent of regular drug users, but for 37 percent of drug arrests. (Illicit drug use is frequently associated with self-medication among people with mental illnesses.)
                    Access/Insurance
                    Disparities in access to care and treatment for mental illnesses have also persisted over time.

                    As noted by the Office of Minority Health:

                        Only 8.7 percent of adult blacks, versus 16 percent of adult whites, received treatment for mental health concerns in 2007-2008.

                      Only 6.2 percent of adult blacks, versus 13.9 percent of adult whites, received medications for mental health concerns during 2008.

                      And while 68.7 percent of adult whites with a major depressive episode in 2009 received treatment, only 53.2 percent of adult blacks did.

                      And while implementation of the Affordable Care Act will close this gap somewhat by 2016, in 2011 20.8 percent of blacks were uninsured, versus 11.7 percent of whites.

                      Hypothesis-Because of the lack of medical resources, healthcare, preventive care, and demographic/societal issues there is a disparity of illnesses within the Black community opposed to that of the white communities.

                       

                      Test of Assumption:  Flint MI, Water Epidemic:</b>

                      <span style=”font-weight: 400;”>We are very concerned about this Legionnaires’ disease outbreak,” Laurel Garrison of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, wrote to Genesee County health officials in an April 27, 2015, e-mail. “It’s very large, one of the largest we know of in the past decade, and community-wide, and in our opinion and experience it needs a comprehensive investigation.”

                       

                      Baltimore, MD

                       

                      The first decade of the 21st century found a slight decrease in Baltimore’s residents living in poverty, from 22.3% in 2000 to 21.3% in 2010 (BNIA 2012). This report found that more than half the individuals living in Upton/Druid Heights lived below the poverty level in 2010 and that Cherry Hill and Oldtown/Middle East had more than 47% of the residents living below the poverty level in 2010. BNIA also reported that in 2010, 12.6% of the City’s workforce was unemployed with six CSAs having at least one of every five persons being unemployed. This probably is an underestimate for the number of residents not working because it would exclude anyone not looking for work. Again, when considering interventions to promote health and well being it is important to recognize that the unemployment rates for 2010 varied from 2.8% in Mt. Washington/Coldspring to 24.3% in Southwest Baltimore and 24.2% in Penn North/Reservoir Hill. In Baltimore neighborhood unemployment rates vary by a magnitude of 8.7 with the rates in Southwest Baltimore being 8.7 times the rate in Mt Washington/Coldspring.
                      Due to poverty levels within the community the only way to offer sustainable and healthy living is through economics.  Healthier living is also associated with healthy eating.  Many of these cities need stores that sell healthier products and even neighborhood gardens and farming.

                      <b>Resolution:  </b><span style=”font-weight: 400;”>Due to poverty levels within the community the only way to offer sustainable and healthy living is through economics.  Healthier living is also associated with healthy eating.  Many of these cities need stores that sell healthier products and even neighborhood gardens and farming.  </span>

                    • #3036
                      Profile photo of Tiffany
                      Anonymous

                      What are some of the biggest relationship problems you think we face in the Black community?

                      I am going to bullet or highlight some main areas of concerns for relationship problems in the black community.

                      • Black love and multi-parenting is an anomaly
                      • Society looks after social media and television to justify a solidarity in relationships within man and woman. Seeing a Nuclear family in the black community is a rarity because often 80% of the time, families are missing one dynamic of the family.. Often the “father-figure”. This results in not having positive relationships throughout one’s life.
                      • The overall structure of marriage is broke within the black community because of a rarity again. How do one fight for love when one hasn’t even experienced true,genuine love. It starts from home. or in other case community.
                      • So many young men are in the justice system/shot & dead due to crimes that were at no fault of their own or simply injustice. The black women suffers due to having fewer options of positive black men to have fulfilling relationships with. This creates damage to not only the woman but for the children who look up their counter-parts.
                      • Black woman are often targeted as being “strong-independent” and Not needing a man for many advances in life but that too gets old and yet lonely for some. Some black woman with little to no option are often confused on whether choosing to date inside their race or outside due to fewer options at hand. Often times, black men doubt their own livelihoods for the reason of the black women which creates a negative outlook for the family dynamic between both black man and black woman.
                      • There absolutely is an ongoing assault on Black marriage because there is an assault on the Black family because the Black family is the base of wealth and reproduction. The Black family provides stability, self-love and self-acceptance.
                      • You have two things going on simultaneously. You have the Black man being bombarded with media images and concepts which continually inflict on his brain this idea that his own woman is undesirable. On the side of the woman, you have her now being bombarded with this idea that the man is incapable.
                    • #3037
                      Profile photo of Ahliyah
                      Anonymous

                      Intoxication

                      Question: What is intoxication AND why is it so prevalent in the Black community?

                      Research: Accessibility to nutrient dense foods is hard to come by in Black urban communities. Grocery stores and markets can be hard to get to and come back from. There is also a known phenomena of liquor stores being in close proximity to Black churches within the Black urban areas. It must also be known that there are (often times) churches (Baptist, Methodist, Pentecostal, Apostolic, Non Denominational, C.O.G.I.C. etc.) numbering in the hundreds in most urban and poverty stricken areas. Low accessibility as well as the growing need for what ever food is acquired, contributes to the state of intoxication in the black community.

                      INTOXICATION:

                      M. Webster: An abnormal state that is essentially a poisoning <Carbon Monoxide Intoxication

                      Student Dictionary: Strong excitement or elation

                      Black’s Law: (Defined in terms of “intoxicants”) A disturbance of mental and physical capacities resulting from the introduction of substances into the body Model Penal code, Section 2.08

                      UBA Definition: The last ‘9’ in the “9-5-9”: Defined as one of the 9 weapons of White Supremacy; voluntary or involuntary consumption of harmful substances.

                      (Working Hypothesis): The American lifestyle has driven Black people to a life of convenience and thus a life of (in)voluntary intoxication.

                      Research: The list contains some of the liquor licensed stores, markets, and bars in the Pontiac, MI (Oakland County) area recording profits from the years 2014 and 2015.

                      Liquor Stores IN Pontiac, MI

                      1. Trade Mark NO DESC- Pont– (Year 2015) $527,018.91– (Year 2014) $580,800.28
                      2. Kings Liquor C- Pont– (Year 2015) $639,500.89– (Year 2014) $523,291.82
                      3. *Big Daddy’s C/M- Pont– (Year 2015) $707,282.49– (Year 2014) $705, 622.98
                      4. Crystal Lake Liquor No- Pont (Year 2015) $220,074.45– (Year 2014) $218,051.34

                      Markets in Pontiac, MI

                      1. Franklin Market  C- Pont– (Year 2015) $331,049.60– (Year 2014) $326,668.09
                      2. *Baldwin’s Market M- Pont– (Year 2015) $180,734.33– (Year 2014) $155,428.94
                      3. Star market NO DESC – Pont– (Year 2015) $407,035.09– (Year 2014) $365,330.38

                      <div>Bars in Pontiac, MI</div>

                      1. Green Tavern Narc/M- Pont– (Year 2015) $45,414.89– (Year 2014) $61,267.42
                      2. Bob and Elmer’s Bar No- Pont– (Year 2015) $34,364.60– (Year 2014) $35,997.87
                      3. Skinny’s Bar and Grill Y- Pont– (Year 2015) $12,715.65– (Year 2014) $10,568.21

                      https://www.lara.michigan.gov/llist/Qry.jsp
                      <div>Notice that the numbers for the liquor stores are much higher than that of the bars and markets in the area. Note the various ways alcohol is distributed in the applications listed and how it plays a part in consumption. Although the purpose of a bar is to sell alcohol, they do not allow it to leave with the doors, as oppose to liquor stores where one is able to purchase gallons at a time. Also note if there is food being sold as well as the quality of the food. In liquor stores, the majority of the food is prepackaged and sealed, whereas grocery stores have fresh, packaged, and deli foods available.</div>
                      <div></div>
                      <div>Hypothesis: America has placed an elevated esteem upon the speedy lifestyle. That has given way to poor eating and nutrition habits, thus giving way to voluntary and involuntary intoxication.</div>
                      <div></div>
                      <div>*=Close proximity</div>
                      <div>C=Bad Checks</div>
                      <div>M=Sold to a minor or minor decoy</div>
                      <div>Narc=Narcotics case</div>
                      <div>NO DESC= Violation without description</div>
                      <div>No=No violations</div>

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